Phytonutrients are the natural chemicals that are produced by fruits and vegetables. Other foods that provide phytonutrients are whole grains, nuts, beans, and tea. There are six main phytonutrients that are known to have the most beneficial health effects: carotenoids, ellagic acid, flavonoids, and glucosinolates.
Carotenoids are found in the fruits and vegetables that are yellow, orange, and red colors. These phytonutrients act as antioxidants which help remove free radicals within the body. Ellagic acid helps prevent against cancer cells developing and growing in the body. This phytonutrient is primarily provided by consuming strawberries, raspberries, and pomegranates.
Flavonoids are found in a variety of plant foods such as green tea which is known to help prevent certain types of cancer, citrus fruits which also work as an antioxidant, and apples, berries, kale, and onion which have been known to help reduce asthma, and coronary heart disease.
Glucosinolates can be found in brussel sprouts, cabbage, kale, and broccoli. It is a big part in the smell that is pronounced with these vegetables. When they are cooked they release chemicals that help reduce the development of cancerous cells.
Secret: “Phyto” comes from the greek word for “plant”.